Akhisar

AKHİSAR IN MYTHOLOGY

According to Herodotus narration, the first people stating descendants of the Gods, giving them names and legends are Homer and Hesiodos.

When establishing the relationship between Mythology and Akhisar and starting from the definition of these two universal poets, we have seen the oldest civilizations were established in Central and Western Anatolia. With the commercial relations of colonized cities with each other and coming together of the speaking the same language communities started the emergence of great metropolis, and as a result of this, common mythology and theology were developed.

Today the stories, the figures of gods and goddesses found in the ruins of ancient times, coins, sculpture in the stone sarcophagi and tombs that we have seen belonged this era.

Roman Eros figure, found in Thyateria, being exhibited in Manisa museum, can be shown as an example.

Starting with the early history, the source of Mother Goddess religion starting from the Mediterranean basin, and spreading first to northern countries even up to center Asia is Anatolia. The most common name is Kybele or Kubaba. The area belonging to Lydia which includes Akhisar is called Kybele. One of the greatest Kybele temples including Akhisar is Manisa (Magnesia). You can see the Kybele relief left over from the Hittites (3200-1100BC) on the mountain called Spil (Spylos).

The double-sided axe, namely Labris depicted with Mother Goddess, and one of the symbols, is the pattern which is seen almost all on the Akhisar coins. Labris is a sacred instrument concerning religion and since prehistoric era and widely seen from Mesopotamia to Crete. Teşup is a God, living in Central Asia, belonging to Hittites, and depicted holding

double-sided axe in one hand, and lightning in the women whose work is cutting trees became war and victim axe in time.

The other tribe using the double-sided axe that passed from Sumer to Anatolia is Amazons. In mythology, the Amazonsa re known to be the daughter of Ares, God of War, and Aphrodite. These women whose fighting characters known in various sources used double- sided axe, also called labris, in addition to arrows and arc. Theatre in mythology known asthe name of the commander that is Akhisar was founded by this tribe (BC 1300.). According to other sources, it was Luwis who created the culture of Yortan and founded the first settlement of Akhisar (2200-2100 BC.).

In short, the ancient age and the family tree of Akhisar is as follows.

Prehistoric period- Neolithic: when the first signs of man’s found. (First Era and Cave

Era 7000-5200 BC period, ceramic components and hand tools).

Chalcolithic period- (5000- 3000 Years BC, ceramics obtained from the surface excavations, hand tools, agricultural tools based on different sources)

Bronze Age 3000-2000 BC, Hurris periods rock inscriptions, archaeological findings, records of historians and geographers.

End of the Bronze Age (1500- 1200 BC, all known written and archaeological resources, in some portion of this era, the records of the geographers and historians)

Iron Age-Archaic Period: (stars between 1200- 1000 BC; the Helenistic period begins

800 BC; Historical records, archaeological evidence)

Phrygian Period (between 800-600 BC years, the written and archaeological findings) Lydian Period (between 750-547 years, the period that the most of the archaeological

ruins were found).

Persians (547- 350 BC)

Alexander the Great- Seleukos (350- 195 BC) Kingdom of Bergama (195 BC- 60 AD)

Roma (60 BC- 394 AD)

Roman- Byzantine (400- 1300)

The other Tribes and States ruling Akhisar

Luwis and Etruscans

Pelasgians Hittites Lydias Phrygians

Macedonias (Alexander the Great) Bergama Kingdom

Seleukos Romans Byzantium Turks…

Furthermore the other tribes and states ruting Akhisar for a different short time are as

follow: Pelops, Legs, Atyads, Heraklits, Aiol, Ion.

Dor, Galatians, Cimmerians, Traks, the Kingdom of Pomtus, Cappadocia, kingdom, Sassanids, Arabs, Latins, the Crusaders.

The famous people who visited Akhisar and left great influence or lived in the long history of Akhisar are those:

Amazons

Hittite king Hattusilis

Troy King

Phrygian King Midas

Kin of Lydia Giges, Ardys, Sadyattes, Alyettes, Kroisos (Karuna) King of Persia Dareios

King of Macedonia Alexander the Great (Great Alexander) Lysimakhos

Kommagene Kingdom Antigones

Seleukos

Pergamum King Eumenes, Attalos, Aristonikos

King of Bithynia II. Prusias

Roman philosopher Gaius Blossius, Rome and the King of the Governor: Cornelius Sula, Flavius Fimbria, Gaius lulius Caesar (Jul Caesar), Marcus Antonius, Hadrian, Caracalla, Eastern Roman (Byzantine Kings) to almost all Akhisar (thyateria) has undergone.

When it was between 680- 540 BC. Akhisar was within the boundaries of Lydia, and it was Lydians invented the Money the most important and indispensable tool of Exchange. Thus for the first time the unit of currency became exchangeable and universal for goods trade. The first electronic currency (gold- silver mixture) invented was made of gold and silver and in the form of bean. Later, on one side the figure of the lion- bull on the other side of the triangle a square- shaped depressions from the gold and silver articles were printed in two forms. The fact that Akhisar had advanced Professional organizations and became a metropolis influence in coinage.

In the years between 42- 48 AD Christianity began to spread in Anatolia. It is Akhisar which accepted the Christianity among the first seven Churches established. Akhisar is mentioned in two parts of holly Bible. St. Jean mentioned seven sacred churches in Anatolia in the revelation of the Bible (Apocalypse) Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamon, Thyateria, Sard, Philadelphia, Laodicea and also mentioned on different topics in his letter.

In a letter, St. Jean mentioned about a pagan women called Isabel (Jezebel) took over the management of wool, felt, textile, ceramic, bronze craft guild workers. In the letter, it is also mentioned about this woman who do evil sway the owners’ belief against the measures of faith and perseverance, and punishment and curse are also mentioned.

The first coming of Turks to Anatolia is between the years 800- 1000 AD. Kalac, Karluk, Kanglı, Kipchak Turkish tribes had arrived in Anatolia and they served in the Byzantine army in various times. After the Malazgirt battle between Seljuk and Byzantine in

1071, most parts of Anatolia were conquired by Turksand various principalities emerged (between the years 1071- 1086). After the year 1096 the Crusaders and the Latin invanded Byzantine and Anatolia, Akhisar stayed in the hands of these until the year 1261. later, Akhisar was under the control of Byzantine and finally Turks conquired Akhisar in 1307 and thereafter the town has been called as Akhisar.

Akhisar became a part of Saruhan Principality, one of the Turkish Emirates in Anatolia, and became one of the most important cities. This period lasted until the year 1410 when Akhisar joined Otoman Empire, during this period Akhisar was ruled by Saruhan Bey, İlyas Bey, Isaac Bey and Hızır Bey. During the Otoman Empire management, Akhisar did not lost its vitality due to geographical, economi and strategic importance. Manisa (Magnesia) to which Akhisar tied is a province where 7 out of 36 Ottoman Empirors served as a governor and princes. During that period, Fatih the Conqueror and Suleyman the Magnificent who changed the history and direction of the world lived and grew in Manisa including Akhisar and became the Sultan.

TODAY AKHİSAR

Located in Western Anatolia, Akhisar is one of the most populated towns with its powerful economy in Turkey. Agriculture and industry determine Akhisar economy. One of the Europe and Turkey’s largest seramic manufacturers in Organized Industrial Zone of Akhisar can be seen. Turkey’s largest broiler and egg producing plant is in Akhisar.

Agricultural Products: the most agricultural products grown in Akhisar are tabacco, cotton, grapes, fruit and olives. Greenhouse method is common to grow vegetables.

Olives and olive oil production is the largest agricultural input items. Akhisar produces Turkey’s two-thirds of edible olives. According to the detection of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Union, Akhisar has 25,000,000 olive trees. The structure of the soil and climate maket he tste and value of olive perfect. An important part of table olives exported to Europe from Turkey is from Akhisar olives.

Olive Oil in all monotheistic religions has been accepted sacred and blessed, indispensable for humanity and and been called God liquid. People have used olive oil as medicine for a long time and it has been considered indispensable for a healthy life all over the world. When soil, temperature, climate, growing, low acid value and production skills come together, Akhisar Olive Oil is accepted as “perfect” according to the world olive oil criteria. Seventy- five olive oil are recognized worldwide.

© 2011 - 2015 Akhisar Commodity Exchange | All Rights Reserved. Obisis.com